What is a concussion?
A concussion is a minor traumatic brain injury that is caused by a hit to the head or body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth. This type of rapid head movement causes the brain to move quickly within the skull. This movement changes the shape of the brain, damaging the cellular structure and causing chemical and metabolic changes that make it more difficult for the brain to function normally.
What are the signs of a concussion?
Loss of consciousness
Problems with balance
Glazed look in the eyes
Delayed response to questions
Forgetting an instruction, confusion about an assignment or position, or confusion of the game, score, or opponent
What are the symptoms to look for?
Headache, nausea, vomiting, blurred or double vision, seeing stars or lights, balance problems, dizziness, sensitivity to light or noise, tinnitus, vertigo
Drowsiness, fatigue/lethargy, irritability, depression, anxiety, sleeping more than usual, difficulty falling asleep
Feeling “slowed down”, feeling “in a fog” or “dazed”, difficulty concentrating, difficulty remembering
What should I do if I've had a concussion?
Acute: (0-4 weeks):
Emphasis should be placed on the facilitation of recovery including education, reassurance, sub symptoms threshold training, and non-pharmacological interventions.
Post-Acute: (4-12 weeks):
If the patient is not improving or symptoms are worsening, then a referral to an interdisciplinary clinic should be made. The focus should be placed on managing symptoms of sleep impairment, headache, mood, fatigue, and memory/attention. The focus is on a graduated return to activity which may include work and school.
Persistent: (3 mo. +):
If symptoms persist for more than three months, patients require an interdisciplinary team for symptom management using an individualized management approach with a focus on returning to pre-injury activities.
What is Second Impact Syndrome?
During recovery, the brain is more vulnerable to re-injury. In rare cases, a second concussion sustained during recovery can cause the brain to undergo massive swelling. This extremely rare condition is known as Second Impact Syndrome (SIS). Approximately half of SIS patients die from their injuries, and survivors often suffer from life-long disabilities.
15-30% of persons with concussion may experience persisting symptoms beyond the typical three-month time frame. The consequences for these individuals may include reduced functional ability, heightened emotional distress, and delayed return to work or school.
Should I exercise if I have a concussion?
Overexertion may protract recovery but sub-symptom exercise is helpful for recovery
What is EEG?
Electroencephalography (EEG) is an electrophysiological monitoring method to non-invasively record the electrical activity of the brain.
Do you diagnose concussions?
Neurovine does not diagnose concussions. People use our technology after being diagnosed with concussion by their doctor.